Wednesday, July 11, 2007

Book Review: Recovering the Scandal of the Cross


Recovering the Scandal of the Cross: Atonement in New Testament & Contemporary Contexts

Joel B. Green and Mark D. Baker
InterVarsity Press, 2000.

I was first alerted to the existence of this book, and in fact the whole atonement debate in general, by Mark Dever’s cover-story rebuttal of this book published in Christianity Today last year. Up until the appearance of the article, entitled "Nothing But the Blood," I had little knowledge of issues in atonement theology. I accepted and cherished the penal substitution model that I had been taught, through the influence of evangelicals like J.I. Packer, who in his book Knowing God called penal substitution the “heart of the gospel,” and was only vaguely familiar with competing atonement theories. I skimmed through the article, mostly uninterested, and counted myself on the side of Dever, Packer and the other evangelical theologians who defended penal substitution.

When I began to question penal substitution theory, Recovering the Scandal of the Cross was the first book I turned to; however, I wasn’t able to read through the whole book until just recently. Although I think Green and Baker could have fleshed out some of their ideas and strengthened their arguments in some places, overall they provide a solid introduction to atonement theology and a valuable critique of contemporary atonement metaphors and theories.

While the authors critique the penal substitution model of atonement throughout their book, such a critique is not their ultimate purpose. Rather, it is to explore multiple New Testament, historical and contemporary atonement metaphors, assess their viability, and explore new options for today. In the process they must of course interact with the dominant contemporary evangelical atonement theory.

The book constantly affirms, in the company of theologians like C.S. Lewis and N.T. Wright, the immensity of the atonement and the inadequacy of one metaphor or theory to completely explicate it. This is part of Green and Baker’s critique of penal substitution: as long as it claims to interpret the atonement “completely, fully, without remainder” (p.13), it is an inadequate theory on those very grounds. The book takes its title from the authors’ claim that

In the early decades of the Christian movement, the scandal of the cross was far more self-evident than its meaning. ... Additionally...the portrait of Jesus’ execution could not be painted with a single color. Against the horizons of God’s purpose, the Scriptures of Israel, and Jesus’ life and ministry, and in relation to the life worlds of those for whom its significance was being explored, the death of Jesus proved capable of multiple interpretations. (15)

Like the multiple artistic depictions of the cross on the book’s cover, the cross and Christ’s atoning work there have many interpretations and applicable metaphors. It is the job of the responsible Christian to translate the New Testament proclamation of atonement into a contemporary context by asking, “How can I communicate this message in terms that make sense in this world in which I live while at the same calling this world into question?” (210).

The authors spend three chapters at the beginning of the book surveying the New Testament message of atonement, first examining the surprisingly few references in the Gospels, then the works of Paul, then in Luke-Acts, the Johannine literature, and the rest of the NT. In “The Saving Significance of Jesus’ Death in the New Testament,” Green and Baker explore the broad categories of atonement metaphors found in the NT, including ransom/redemption, sacrifice, revelation, and reconciliation (99-108).

One important weakness of Green and Baker’s work is a muddling of the ideas of “metaphor” and “theory.” They give us no way to differentiate in the New Testament an atonement metaphor (or interpretation) from an atonement theory (or description). The authors seem to use the ideas interchangeably; however, there is a distinct difference. If we claim to have any understanding of the “what” of the atonement, even if not the “how,” then the NT must include at least some explicit descriptions of what happened at the cross. Metaphors are no good if we do not have an understanding of what actually occurred—interpretation is impossible if we do not know what we are interpreting! Although there would probably be disagreement on which terms in the NT are interpretive and which are descriptive—penal substitution, on one hand, would see “sacrifice” as a factual description of what occurred at the atonement, while its detractors would see the idea as an interpretation or metaphor—at least some amount of NT teaching must be descriptive. Green and Baker's book does little to help us distinguish one from another.

In chapter five, the authors explore four historical models of the atonement and their major proponents: Christus Victor, or ransom theory, held by Irenaeus and Gregory of Nyssa; the medieval satisfaction model, formulated by Anselm; the moral influence of Anselm’s contemporary Abelard; and modern penal substitution, in Green and Baker exemplified in the works of Charles Hodge. The authors explore the strengths and weakness of each theory; in the case of Anselm they rise to his defense, claiming that Anselm's idea of satisfaction differs markedly from that of modern theologians (Anselm, according to the authors, was interested in satisfying God's feudal honor, as opposed to his wrath as in contemporary theology).

The rest of the book is dedicated to exploring contemporary alternatives to the penal substitution model. Green and Baker discuss and analyze C. Norman Kraus' shame-based atonement model, developed in the context of a Japanese culture that attaches to sin a stigma of shame rather than a penalty of legal guilt. While Kraus' atonement model is highly subjective (see this post), as a missional, "on the ground" and in-progress framework for proclaiming the gospel in Japan and other shame-based cultures, it succeeds with both biblical fidelity and interpretive ingenuity. The authors move on to discuss the model of Darby Kathleen Ray, who presents a moderate feminist atonement theology that rejects patriarchal and retributive images of the atonement without abandoning the doctrine altogether, as some other women theologians have done. Instead, Ray emphasizes a perspective dormant since the church fathers: the idea that God used cunning and trickery to defeat the devil on the cross. In this view, resurrected for the modern age, Jesus uses non-violent resistance to shame the ruling powers of the world and reveal the destructiveness (and indeed, self-destructiveness) of their violent means for obtaining power. At no point do Green and Baker attempt to elevate either model to the status of ultimate atonement "theory"; rather, they point out the usefulness of such models to engage our world's varying contemporary cultures.

Overall, the book succeeds as a survey of the effectiveness and appropriateness of different atonement metaphors and models, from the New Testament to today. Although the authors mount several attacks on penal substitution, readers looking for a strong case against evangelicalism's reigning atonement model may want to look elsewhere. Those looking for a definitive descriptive theory as an alternative to penal substitution will likewise be disappointed; Green and Baker's emphasis lies on communicative metaphors rather than descriptive theories. The book's most important aspect is not, as Mark Dever seemed to believe, it's attack on penal substitution, but rather its emphasis on developing a missional understanding of the atonement and interpreting the central event of Christianity to both apply to and critique our contemporary environments. It is an emphasis that proponents of any atonement model can appreciate, and one that we would all do well to explore in our own lives.



58 comments:

Anonymous said...

I found this site using [url=http://google.com]google.com[/url] And i want to thank you for your work. You have done really very good site. Great work, great site! Thank you!

Sorry for offtopic

Anonymous said...

Who knows where to download XRumer 5.0 Palladium?
Help, please. All recommend this program to effectively advertise on the Internet, this is the best program!

Anonymous said...

World shippind viagra super active Side-effects acai berry Side-effects clarina Low price ophthacare Sale kerlone RX femcare

Anonymous said...

[url=http://flemingartists.com/]Buy canadian drugs[/url]

Anonymous said...

best place to meet singles in colorado [url=http://loveepicentre.com/]best swinger dating site[/url] championsleague personals http://loveepicentre.com/ israel singles

Anonymous said...

Hello friends
Do not miss your chance to get a free iPhone 4G. Visit http://bit.ly/d9QOON

Anonymous said...

pagan dating sites [url=http://loveepicentre.com/]muslim dating[/url] dating failure stories http://loveepicentre.com/ mature gay men personals

Anonymous said...

Very amusing piece

Anonymous said...

Nice question

Anonymous said...

crash american economy recession depression [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/cefadroxil.htm]cefadroxil[/url] use of medical marijuanna http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/citalopram.htm vaginal health child http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/alpha-lipoic-acid.htm
hung asthma bad axe michigan [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/protonix.htm]protonix[/url] weight loss success llc [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/zyloprim.htm]triple ballerina tea[/url]

Anonymous said...

understanding anxiety physical symptoms [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/bactroban.htm]bactroban[/url] prescription drugs that are terotgens http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/rogaine-5-.htm salem internal medicine http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/finpecia.htm
bit a drug stores inc [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/himplasia.htm]himplasia[/url] daily vitamin support pill [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/amoxil.htm]down syndrome sex[/url]

Anonymous said...

small heart box wedding favors [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/trazodone.htm]trazodone[/url] sports medicine worksheet http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/shuddha-guggulu.htm alkaline diet health men http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/lexapro.htm
safe cold medicine while pregnant [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/acomplia.htm]acomplia[/url] high blood pressure multi vitamin [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/leukeran.htm]free clips ofmen having their prostate milked[/url]

Anonymous said...

http://rxmeds.in/pregnacy/ept-pregnacy-test-directions
[url=http://rxmeds.in/hyzaar/low-hct-and-hyzaar]sc board of pharmacy[/url] categories of drugs [url=http://rxmeds.in/allopurinol/what-are-the-symptoms-of-taking-allopurinol]what are the symptoms of taking allopurinol[/url]
cvs pharmacy indiana http://rxmeds.in/allegra/allegra-erisman
[url=http://rxmeds.in/prednisone/prednisone-for-lung-inflammation]quantifying the drug problem[/url] speaking in schools about drugs [url=http://rxmeds.in/pregnacy/teen-pregnacy]teen pregnacy[/url]
adverse drugs effects liver http://rxmeds.in/aldactone/aldactone-prempro
[url=http://rxmeds.in/actos/pravachol-actos-lamictal-index-php]comparison viagra cialis levitra[/url] free shipping online pharmacy [url=http://rxmeds.in/premarin/premarin-cream]premarin cream[/url] pre pharmacy requirements [url=http://rxmeds.in/actonel/actonel-plus-calcium]actonel plus calcium[/url]

Anonymous said...

http://rxonline.in/revia/revia-vivitrol
[url=http://rxonline.in/mircette/generic-mircette]cooks pharmacy pennsylvania[/url] how drugs effected the circutlory system [url=http://rxonline.in/osteoporosis/drugs-associated-increased-risk-with-osteoporosis]drugs associated increased risk with osteoporosis[/url]
illegal drug news http://rxonline.in/lipitor/research-lipitor
[url=http://rxonline.in/levitra/on-line-pharmacy-levitra]best pharmacy practice[/url] effect of drugs in internal organ [url=http://rxonline.in/haldol]haldol[/url]
wal mart drug information http://rxonline.in/revia
[url=http://rxonline.in/zocor/zocor-and-muscle-breakdown-and-pain]tension back pain with drugs[/url] santa monica homeopathic pharmacy [url=http://rxonline.in/ziprasidone/ziprasidone-compounding]ziprasidone compounding[/url] poli drug delivery system [url=http://rxonline.in/reglan]reglan[/url]

Anonymous said...

http://newrx.in/leukeran/leukeran-for-cats-side-effects
[url=http://newrx.in/diphenhydramine/nursing-consideration-in-giving-diphenhydramine]drugs to prevent heart attack and stroke[/url] cvx pharmacy martins ferry ohio [url=http://newrx.in/erythromycin/erythromycin-500-mg-for-canine]erythromycin 500 mg for canine[/url]
yasmin norhazleena bahari binti mohd noor drug addiction http://newrx.in/carbidopa/image-picture-of-cafergot-ergotamine-100-mg-1-mg
[url=http://newrx.in/carbohydrate/carbohydrate-sensitive]outpatient drug rehab central mississippi[/url] drugs that make you lose weight [url=http://newrx.in/imitrex/dolmigran-imigran-imitrex-sumatriptan]dolmigran imigran imitrex sumatriptan[/url]
what percent of high schoolers do drugs http://newrx.in/olmesartan/olmesartan-medoxomil-drug-fact-sheet
[url=http://newrx.in/letrozole/letrozole-increase-lh]types of drug test procedure[/url] mike smith of nashua nh arrested for drugs nh [url=http://newrx.in/wellbutrin/hair-loss-wellbutrin]hair loss wellbutrin[/url] levitra now online [url=http://newrx.in/methylprednisolone/use-of-methylprednisolone-for-acute-spinal-cord-injury]use of methylprednisolone for acute spinal cord injury[/url]

Anonymous said...

http://www.reefomania.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=2&t=190644 http://www.marumaru.org/bbs/apeboard_plus.cgi?command=read_message&msgnum=134 http://prtelugusamajam.prayatnam.com/forum/index.php?topic=130900.new#new http://okcthunderbasketballforum.com/viewtopic.php?f=2&t=137947
http://www.idletheme.com/pjac/forum/viewtopic.php?f=6&t=303923 http://www.csuanimeclub.net/forum/viewtopic.php?p=76547#76547 http://sk8labs.com/forum/index.php?topic=100764.new#new http://ihatefico.com/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=226982
http://www.urban-craft.jp/cgi-bin/bbs/apeboard_plus.cgi?command=read_message&msgnum=20%2522%253Etarget http://midletpascal.com/forum/viewtopic.php?p=35627#35627 http://mlmsensex.com/forum/viewtopic.php?p=130530&sid=e3198e789487ad42aaaf2de29b49f410#130530

Anonymous said...

niacin and blood pressure [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/sinequan.htm]sinequan[/url] breast of cheryl cosim http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/entocort.htm maine medical center store http://usadrugstoretoday.com/catalogue/c.htm
baby monkey sucking his penis [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/categories/anti-allergic-asthma.htm]anti allergic asthma[/url] sunshine health nudist camps [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/categories/anti-hongos---anti-ansiedad.htm]zoloft for children with anxiety and depression[/url]

Anonymous said...

dental filling leaking [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/dulcolax.htm]dulcolax[/url] how to give an erection http://usadrugstoretoday.com/catalogue/f.htm calcium and magnesium for muscle http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/lopid.htm
black smoke vehicle exhaust [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/tretinoin-cream-0-025-.htm]Buy Tretinoin Cream 0.025% Online[/url] breast cancer secondary symptoms [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/fosamax.htm]mineral formation and temperature[/url]

Anonymous said...

http://meen.in/ezetimibe/inegy-simvastatin-and-ezetimibe
[url=http://meen.in/claritin/claritin-causing-depression]motley crue and drugs[/url] vacuum erectile pump [url=http://meen.in/claritin/economics-of-claritin]economics of claritin[/url]
six drug mules detained http://meen.in/escitalopram/escitalopram-citalopram
[url=http://meen.in/cefdinir/what-is-cefdinir-used-for]meusinx medicine[/url] a list of drugs banned if you exceed the intake limit [url=http://meen.in/ethambutol]ethambutol[/url]
buspirone hcl drug interaction side effects http://meen.in/clarinex/clarinex-compared-claritin
[url=http://meen.in/evista/evista-pills]growth in health care costs[/url] pre pharmacy schools sc [url=http://meen.in/celecoxib/celecoxib-pronunciation]celecoxib pronunciation[/url] district manager job for cvs drugstore [url=http://meen.in/celadrin/celadrin-and-glucosamine]celadrin and glucosamine[/url]

Anonymous said...

http://webhealthcentre.in/health-care/cascadia-behavioral-health-care
[url=http://webhealthcentre.in/propranolol/propranolol-sweating]buggs on drugs[/url] shirley elzinger beverly hills compounding pharmacy [url=http://webhealthcentre.in/theophylline/theophylline-interactions]theophylline interactions[/url]
street drugs cost http://webhealthcentre.in/amoxil/amoxil-forte-syrup
[url=http://webhealthcentre.in/amoxicillin/how-long-does-it-take-for-amoxicillin-to-start-working]celebrex celecoxib http wwwworldofmoleculescom drugs[/url] drug reimbursement [url=http://webhealthcentre.in/anacin/anacin-ingredents]anacin ingredents[/url]
canada drugs vancouver http://webhealthcentre.in/coreg/what-is-the-drug-coreg
[url=http://webhealthcentre.in/prinivil/prinivil-diflucan-index-php]buy ov watch at pharmacy[/url] world health organization statisitics [url=http://webhealthcentre.in/health-centers/palm-beac-county-health-department]palm beac county health department[/url] aiport health club [url=http://webhealthcentre.in/risperidone/children-risperidone]children risperidone[/url]

Anonymous said...

http://webhealthcentre.in/coreg/side-effects-of-coreg-medicine
[url=http://webhealthcentre.in/amaryl/amaryl-dose]second hand maryjuana smoke drug test[/url] the news sentinel info onpathways to a drug free life [url=http://webhealthcentre.in/health-life/mct-health]mct health[/url]
pomegranite juice erectile http://webhealthcentre.in/amlodipine/amlodipine-beard
[url=http://webhealthcentre.in/cytoxan/most-common-side-effects-of-cytoxan]nc drug rehabilitation[/url] opthalmic drug regulations [url=http://webhealthcentre.in/cymbalta/cymbalta-side-effects-in-adults]cymbalta side effects in adults[/url]
employee drug tests in pittsburgh http://webhealthcentre.in/cytotec/rectal-cytotec-after-delivery
[url=http://webhealthcentre.in/toradol/toradol-injection]cialis tv commercial[/url] prescription drug formulary [url=http://webhealthcentre.in/procardia/effeciveness-procardia-contractions]effeciveness procardia contractions[/url] webster groves police force drug testing [url=http://webhealthcentre.in/amiodarone/amiodarone-drug]amiodarone drug[/url]

Anonymous said...

mercedes benz m550 cargo split seat http://eautoportal.in/aprilia/aprilia-sonic-gp-50 automobile cord for sale canada
[url=http://eautoportal.in/bmw/bmw-in-york]v6 dodge dakota 2005 towing capacity[/url] racing tachometer [url=http://eautoportal.in/auto-info/auto-accident-attorneys-nashville]auto accident attorneys nashville[/url]
known problems with a volkswagen passat http://eautoportal.in/acura/history-of-acura-cars
[url=http://eautoportal.in/honda-car/honda-civic-2003-ex-how-tosrero-removal]auto appraisal certificate massachusetts[/url] auto house [url=http://eautoportal.in/honda-car/review-of-2008-honda-accord]review of 2008 honda accord[/url]
where did the automobile come from http://eautoportal.in/isuzu/isuzu-rodeo-2000-engine-compartment-schematic-4-cylinder-5-speed
[url=http://eautoportal.in/auto-and/abel-auto]australia racing[/url] buying new car automobile window sticker [url=http://eautoportal.in/jeep/government-jeep-liquidation]government jeep liquidation[/url]

Anonymous said...

http://healthportalonline.in/carbohydrate/carbohydrate-counting-and-diabetic-complications-and-journals
[url=http://healthportalonline.in/carbohydrate/protein-carbohydrate-balance-for-building-muscle]pharmacys farmacias ecuador[/url] topotecan drug [url=http://healthportalonline.in/celebrex/compare-celebrex]compare celebrex[/url]
pharmacy recruiter jobs http://healthportalonline.in/casodex/casodex-and-memory-loss
[url=http://healthportalonline.in/captopril/summaries-of-the-latest-research-concerning-captopril]pharmacy trend[/url] drug rehab and recovery [url=http://healthportalonline.in/calan/calan-gaeaf]calan gaeaf[/url]
facts and myths about drug and alcohol abuse http://healthportalonline.in/carvedilol/carvedilol-and-lactation
[url=http://healthportalonline.in/captopril/captopril-cardiac-output]prescription drug plans for low income elders[/url] drugs costs [url=http://healthportalonline.in/cipro/effectiveness-of-cipro-and-bladder-infections]effectiveness of cipro and bladder infections[/url] new drug mk 0974 [url=http://healthportalonline.in/ceftin/buy-ceftin]buy ceftin[/url]

Anonymous said...

napa auto parts 7212 http://latestcarnews.in/yamaha/yamaha-dealership-southeast holiday procesion virgen de mercedes nicaragua
[url=http://latestcarnews.in/rover/jack-london-star-rover]slr mercedes[/url] magazine auto italia [url=http://latestcarnews.in/nissan/autoway-nissan-of-clearwater]autoway nissan of clearwater[/url]
kc auto sales 1200 south tejon http://latestcarnews.in/rover/rover-austin-metro-tires
[url=http://latestcarnews.in/lamborghini]pasadena auto body[/url] extreme racing products [url=http://latestcarnews.in/volkswagen/volkswagen-distributor-drive-pinion-clearance]volkswagen distributor drive pinion clearance[/url]
dodge fire truck for sale http://latestcarnews.in/top-fuel/fuel-remote-control-cars
[url=http://latestcarnews.in/top-fuel/kohler-c18s-mechanical-fuel-pump]volkswagen north america herndon virginia offices[/url] auto battery hook up [url=http://latestcarnews.in/lancia/ricambi-lancia-fulvia]ricambi lancia fulvia[/url]

Anonymous said...

wide shoes for females http://topcitystyle.com/30-sport-pants-size12.html jeff kleinman [url=http://topcitystyle.com/shirts-page7.html]ballroom dance shoes[/url] lauren hill i love you baby
http://topcitystyle.com/shoes-page11.html easy spirit amerigo shoes [url=http://topcitystyle.com/s-roberto-cavalli-size10.html]diesel shoes website[/url]

Anonymous said...

fashion nails http://topcitystyle.com/-mini-skirt-gucci-category97.html fashionmerchandising [url=http://topcitystyle.com/black-multi-dress-shirts-color104.html]fashion florida photographer[/url] wallis fashion group online shop
http://topcitystyle.com/roberto-cavalli-sexy-top-for-women-multicolored-item2366.html big shoes to fill [url=http://topcitystyle.com/?action=products&product_id=2019]breast implants with clothes on[/url]

Anonymous said...

make all clothes http://topcitystyle.com/galliano-brand33.html manchester poly fashion dept victor herbert [url=http://topcitystyle.com/grey-navy-blue-jackets-amp-sweatshirts-color74.html]winter work clothes[/url] skreckers shoes
http://topcitystyle.com/grey-gold-leather-shoes-color123.html fashion trends [url=http://topcitystyle.com/black-leopard-print-women-color43.html]lauren bacall[/url]

Anonymous said...

highest paying fashion job italy http://topcitystyle.com/?action=products&product_id=1338 how to get white clothes clean with rusty water [url=http://topcitystyle.com/dark-grey-jeans-color16.html]mootsies tootsies shoes[/url] veggie shoes crocs
http://topcitystyle.com/purple-yellow-casual-tops-color199.html lebanese fashion clothing [url=http://topcitystyle.com/-beach-towels-men-category104.html]wall street clothes[/url]

Anonymous said...

cheap designer bags http://topcitystyle.com/roberto-cavalli-women-top-lilac-item1931.html red hot lauren free mocies [url=http://topcitystyle.com/50-one-ply-windbreaker-jackets-size2.html]giada delaurentis nude pictures[/url] old fashion borders
http://topcitystyle.com/?action=products&product_id=410 toddler clothes for easier diaper changes [url=http://topcitystyle.com/white-green-dolce-amp-gabbana-color57.html]fashion wars india[/url]

Anonymous said...

rabat shoes http://topcitystyle.com/?action=products&product_id=410 mike feeley designer [url=http://topcitystyle.com/off-white-men-color175.html]debenhams womens clothes[/url] kids shoes with wheels
http://topcitystyle.com/women-apos-s-long-sleeve-tops-page3.html teen preteen fashion models [url=http://topcitystyle.com/philipp-plein-narrow-stretch-jeans-with--item1341.html]wonder fold clothes[/url]

Anonymous said...

chanel charm necklace http://topcitystyle.com/black-multicolored-dresses-color63.html free waldorfdoll clothes patterns [url=http://topcitystyle.com/black-beige-women-color190.html]by lauren perfume ralph ralph[/url] brian sumner shoes
http://topcitystyle.com/l-accessories-size7.html online dog clothes patterns [url=http://topcitystyle.com/?action=products&product_id=1926]tai chi clothes[/url]

Anonymous said...

ballroom dancing shoes for women in large sizes http://topcitystyle.com/sweaters-page2.html sacramento web designer [url=http://topcitystyle.com/red-new-color8.html]plus size designer[/url] fashion designer
http://topcitystyle.com/jean-paul-gaultier-t-shirts-for-men-brand116.html cheap workout clothes [url=http://topcitystyle.com/cream-polo-shirts-color68.html]lotus shoes[/url]

Anonymous said...

jkl auto http://carautonews.in/daihatsu/daihatsu-gauteng-pretoria dodge shadow wiring diagram
[url=http://carautonews.in/auto-net/super-auto-forge-greenwood]auto leveling gimbalplatform[/url] mercedes benz 300se fintail [url=http://carautonews.in/daihatsu/daihatsu-naked-nrf-aero-parts]daihatsu naked nrf aero parts[/url]
volkswagen jetta sportwagen http://carautonews.in/bike-com/triple-bypass-bike-ride
[url=http://carautonews.in/automobils]volkswagen 020[/url] automobile or car and clip art [url=http://carautonews.in/dodge-com/dodge-ram-1500-oem-seat-cover]dodge ram 1500 oem seat cover[/url]
auto pilot lights for gas fireplaces http://carautonews.in/ducati/ducati-seat-cowl-900-supersport
[url=http://carautonews.in/citroen/citroen-zx-spec]volkswagen mpg[/url] match down payment indiana auto double [url=http://carautonews.in/aprilia/aprilia-scooter-scarabeo]aprilia scooter scarabeo[/url]

Anonymous said...

blog etudiantes sexy http://theporncollection.in/best-porn/japanese-hardcore-porn-eels
[url=http://theporncollection.in/gay-xxx/naked-fat-hairy-gay-old-men]adult naughty party game ideas[/url] dragonball z hentai comics [url=http://theporncollection.in/gay-xxx/gay-xxx-bestiality-porn]gay xxx bestiality porn[/url]
adult mega pass http://theporncollection.in/porn-dvd/dixie-lee-porn-star
[url=http://theporncollection.in/moms/moms-undress-movies]lesbian dildo gym[/url] barely legal adult movies [url=http://theporncollection.in/free-hentai/toon-hentai]toon hentai[/url]
messy adult diapers http://theporncollection.in/lesbian-porn/no-spam-lesbian-porn
[url=http://theporncollection.in/free-hentai/free-hentai-lolicon]anal movies free[/url] cartoon porn archive [url=http://theporncollection.in/moms/busy-moms-cleaning-calendar]busy moms cleaning calendar[/url]
marta sexy pics http://theporncollection.in/lesbian-video/free-lesbian-porn-free-movie
[url=http://theporncollection.in/free-hentai/hentai-incest]free adult coed movies[/url] my fat sex amateur [url=http://theporncollection.in/gay-xxx/charlotte-gay-bar]charlotte gay bar[/url]

Anonymous said...

what is the average pulse range for an adult http://xwe.in/thongs/fantasy-thongs
[url=http://xwe.in/thong/stilleto-thong-sandals]amateur adult sites[/url] nude raider hentai [url=http://xwe.in/erotic-gay/erotic-massgae-la]erotic massgae la[/url]
kimmys adult toys http://xwe.in/bdsm/bdsm-vacuum-bed
[url=http://xwe.in/erotic-video/male-erotic]sexy couples vacations[/url] dildo machine porn [url=http://xwe.in/adult-xxx/fantasm-adult-convention]fantasm adult convention[/url]
adult escorts tampa bay http://xwe.in/archive-adult/adult-fmodb
[url=http://xwe.in/toon/shiek-muhammed-toon]boot camp adult[/url] large anal probes [url=http://xwe.in/fetish/rectal-cheeks-fetish]rectal cheeks fetish[/url]
singles webcam chat adult free http://xwe.in/condom/her-plesure-condoms
[url=http://xwe.in/bondage/kinky-bondage-clothes]tire mount lubricant[/url] what are anal lubricants [url=http://xwe.in/gay-anal/gay-junior-bodybuilding]gay junior bodybuilding[/url]

Anonymous said...

matthew hellyerretro lamp designers http://luxefashion.us/philipp-plein-clubbing-brand31.html kids shoes with wheels [url=http://luxefashion.us/?action=products&product_id=2333]omg shoes lyrics great song[/url] j lo shoes
http://luxefashion.us/-classic-gucci-category87.html odd clothes [url=http://luxefashion.us/moschino-new-brand32.html]peed in my shoes[/url]

Anonymous said...

medical associates waukesha thirumakiszhmar [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/bestsellers.htm]Pharmacy bestsellers[/url] connor un break my heart http://usadrugstoretoday.com/categories/anti-allergic-asthma.htm
low chlorestoral diet suggestions [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/viagra-plus.htm]viagra plus[/url] zoloft yellow [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/vitamin-a-and-d.htm ]medical terminology reference [/url] medical editing
cleaning urinary leg bag [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/finpecia.htm]finpecia[/url] show tech muscle review http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/imitrex.htm
weight loss and nutrition [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/hair-loss-cream.htm]hair loss cream[/url] fat loss diet tips [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/erexor.htm ]medical pda reviews [/url] dental cleaning italy

Anonymous said...

aesthetic medicine training [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/karela.htm]karela[/url] does vinegar kill bacteria http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/aldactone.htm
medical schools aruba [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/zovirax.htm]zovirax[/url] cavonia medicine [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/erexor.htm ]tibia fibula stress fracture [/url] cory heart gymnastics
penis squirting movie [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/categories/mujeres-mejoramiento.htm]mujeres mejoramiento[/url] pilocarpine heart rate http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/hoodia-weight-loss-gum.htm
used smoke eater [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/ilosone.htm]ilosone[/url] ibuprofen dosage for kids [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/gasex.htm ]resection and muscle implant [/url] atenolol breast feeding

Anonymous said...

cabella fashions http://www.thefashionhouse.us/?action=products&product_id=1717 skateboarding clothes [url=http://www.thefashionhouse.us/women-sport-zip-jacket-and-pants-type3.html]designer kitchens[/url] toe to toe dance shoes
http://www.thefashionhouse.us/m-roberto-cavalli-size5.html designer replica handbags [url=http://www.thefashionhouse.us/dark-green-long-sleeve-tops-color49.html]beautifeel shoes[/url]

Anonymous said...

united health care difinity [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/categories/weight-loss.htm]weight loss[/url] diet to relieve gall bladder symptoms http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/levlen.htm
free penis excercises to make your penis bigger [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/clarinex.htm]clarinex[/url] carbohydrate monosaccharide diet scd [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/ceftin.htm ]tom keller mercy health center [/url] medical boardnorth carolina
sexual health chat [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/categories/antidepressivum---anti-angst.htm]antidepressivum anti angst[/url] feingold diet foodlist program materials midwest http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/stress-relief.htm
how to prevent a raw penis [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/categories/anti-hongos---anti-ansiedad.htm]anti hongos anti ansiedad[/url] medical social work eco map [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/categories/antidepressivo---anti-ansia.htm ]ventena medical [/url] long term health effects of mercury

Anonymous said...

myspace free layout designer http://luxefashion.us/xxxl-club-wear-size52.html womens ryka thletic shoes [url=http://luxefashion.us/camel-active-shirts-brand95.html]men fashion magizines[/url] cosmo shoes
http://luxefashion.us/beige-men-color5.html softwear shoes [url=http://luxefashion.us/dark-brown-gucci-color231.html]china bans tv shoes[/url]

Anonymous said...

hair loss around dog eyes [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/abana.htm]abana[/url] from blood sport to big time http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/septilin.htm
medical marijuana doctors in southern california [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/glyset.htm]glyset[/url] oregon family health insurance assistance program [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/catalogue/c.htm ]solera tea [/url] sambucha natural medicine
ahp diet drug settlement [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/remeron.htm]remeron[/url] pharmacy drug prices http://usadrugstoretoday.com/categories/la-sante-des-os.htm
literature reviews on diabetes [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/diflucan.htm]diflucan[/url] medical office plans [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/clomid.htm ]jobs affected by great depression [/url] welding smoke exhaust fans

Anonymous said...

the claiming of sleeping beauty [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/phosphatidylserine.htm]phosphatidylserine[/url] consumer review best diet pill http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/aricept.htm
flu shoot [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/viagra-soft-flavoured.htm]viagra soft flavoured[/url] does blood type effect organ transplants [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/reglan.htm ]canadian drugs hcg [/url] prescription different gel
tens device vaginal probe [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/categories/pain-relief.htm]pain relief[/url] alternative medicine encyclopedia http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/cialis-super-active-plus.htm
safe anxiety medicine pregnancy [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/furosemide.htm]furosemide[/url] longmeadow dental care [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/norvasc.htm ]foods not to eat while breast feeding [/url] staphys homeopathic remedy for depression

Anonymous said...

medical recruitment agencies [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/serophene.htm]serophene[/url] how long should you exercise at your target heart rate http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/remeron.htm
dunedin sexual health clinic [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/motrin.htm]motrin[/url] maryland health education institute [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/all-products.htm ]best herpes treatments [/url] health regulations for wisconsin delis
performance health [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/categories/antibiotiques.htm]antibiotiques[/url] little bleeding my penis after masturbating http://usadrugstoretoday.com/catalogue/j.htm
reccommended diet for cataracts [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/categories/controllo-delle-nascite.htm]controllo delle nascite[/url] vitamin d and sunlight exposure time [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/tentex-royal.htm ]premix drugs for hospitals [/url] can antibiotics stop the spread of strep throat

Anonymous said...

menopause and breast size [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/mobic.htm]mobic[/url] how chewing gum helps you concentrate http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/femcare.htm
penis pictures archive [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/categories/gums.htm]gums[/url] capitol drugs los angeles [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/prometrium.htm ]monavie juice and diabetes [/url] prescription strength zantac
dixie tea [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/himplasia.htm]himplasia[/url] cockatiel calcium http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/viagra-soft-flavoured.htm
prescription drugs and driving in michigan [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/categories/general-de-salud.htm]general de salud[/url] how to get penis larger without drugs [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/categories/generale-per-la-salute.htm ]muscle cramps hormones [/url] drugs from juarez

Anonymous said...

fashion glamour photographer http://luxefashion.us/gucci-hot-style-t-shirt-for-men-white-item1631.html buy clothes through a catalog [url=http://luxefashion.us/-18-brand80.html]duty on shoes entering englad from china[/url] how to build snow shoes
http://luxefashion.us/?action=products&product_id=2371 crochet baby clothes [url=http://luxefashion.us/accessories-fabric-bags-type5.html]lady shoes[/url]

Anonymous said...

http://xwp.in/amoxicillin/can-you-overdose-on-amoxicillin
[url=http://xwp.in/immune/immune-mediated-polygenic-arthritis]dave chapelle cocaine is a hell of a drug[/url] who manufactures cialis http://xwp.in/amoxicillin
drug interaction with herbal supplements http://xwp.in/edema/tcm-edema-of-legs-and-ankles
[url=http://xwp.in/carvedilol/cmax-of-carvedilol-metabolite]drug addiction services sw florida[/url] drug test refusal after injury http://xwp.in/carbohydrate/fast-food-carbohydrate-counter
early medicine in east asia http://xwp.in/erectile/erectile-dysfunction-drugs
[url=http://xwp.in/amoxil/amoxil-500]drugstore care[/url] nursing management for erectile dysfunction http://xwp.in/diclofenac/history-of-diclofenac research and development spending by us drug companies http://xwp.in/hyzaar/hyzaar-anemia

Anonymous said...

air travel increase 10 years http://xwl.in/hotel/hotel-zandbergen-amsterdam china travel australia visa
[url=http://xwl.in/plane-tickets/plane-tickets-to-new-orleans]travel geography quiz[/url] travel trailers with no carpet [url=http://xwl.in/car-rental/budget-car-rental-kansas-city-international-apq]budget car rental kansas city international apq[/url]
travel mirror anti fog http://xwl.in/car-rental/enterprise-car-rental-albany-ga
[url=http://xwl.in/hotel/netalie-portman-hotel-chevalier]taylor made travel bag[/url] how old should a child be to travel [url=http://xwl.in/map/us-physical-map-printable]us physical map printable[/url]
canadian travel sites http://xwl.in/lufthansa/british-airways-careers mexico travel requirement [url=http://xwl.in/cruise/christian-cruise-vacations]christian cruise vacations[/url]

Anonymous said...

designer phone accessories http://www.thefashionhouse.us/29-roberto-cavalli-size16.html china buy direct shoes [url=http://www.thefashionhouse.us/white-tank-tops-color4.html]designer eyeglass frames[/url] airhead tennis shoes
http://www.thefashionhouse.us/-funky-men-category7.html where does amy lee get her clothes [url=http://www.thefashionhouse.us/burberry-jeans-brand4.html]baby shoes[/url]

Anonymous said...

ralph lauren polo shirts http://topcitystyle.com/orange-white-color228.html gypsy clothes australia [url=http://topcitystyle.com/brown-beige-color183.html]getting adhesive off washed clothes[/url] game designer
http://topcitystyle.com/lingerie-category73.html career clothes for woman [url=http://topcitystyle.com/blue-new-color32.html]designer napkins[/url]

Anonymous said...

cheap discount stripper dresses shoes http://topcitystyle.com/-long-dolce-amp-gabbana-category72.html faber snowshoes [url=http://topcitystyle.com/40-gucci-size27.html]hotels in laurentians quebec[/url] lrg fashion
http://topcitystyle.com/white-grey-on-sale-color26.html plus size designer womens clothes [url=http://topcitystyle.com/blue-red-color83.html]mephisto shoes retail stores[/url]

Anonymous said...

http://xpv.in/celecoxib/celecoxib-pace
[url=http://xpv.in/raloxifene/raloxifene-testing-in-animal-research]handbook of abusable drugs[/url] what to do at home to pass a drug test for marijuana [url=http://xpv.in/ceftin/what-is-ceftin]what is ceftin[/url]
viagra alterna http://xpv.in/cialis/cialis-helps-size
[url=http://xpv.in/ceftin/ceftin-alexander-fleming-gold-coin]consequences of using drugs[/url] new anti drugs campagin [url=http://xpv.in/dosage/distemper-dosage-schedule-adult-canine]distemper dosage schedule adult canine[/url]
drug dealer 4 the game http://xpv.in/amoxil/amoxil-side-effects
[url=http://xpv.in/altace/altace-side-effecthtml]fast facts about designer drugs[/url] drug abuse and dependence information on healthline [url=http://xpv.in/doxazosin/what-is-doxazosin-mesylate]what is doxazosin mesylate[/url] meth pass drug test [url=http://xpv.in/cetirizine/cetirizine-esterification-with-alcohol]cetirizine esterification with alcohol[/url]

Anonymous said...

http://xpv.in/quetiapine/seroquel-quetiapine-fumarate-50mg-sleep
[url=http://xpv.in/amitriptyline/amitriptyline-pain]new designer drugs[/url] cialis 30 [url=http://xpv.in/celexa/celexa-pmdd]celexa pmdd[/url]
soviet drugs http://xpv.in/ceftin/ceftin-and-immodium
[url=http://xpv.in/doxepin/doxepin-side-effects]on line pharmacy no prescription[/url] drug and alcohol test drug tests [url=http://xpv.in/celexa/elderly-and-celexa]elderly and celexa[/url]
outpatient drug rehab facilities md http://xpv.in/reglan/feline-reglan
[url=http://xpv.in/amaryl/diabetes-medication-amaryl]gonorrhea drugs[/url] pda drug guide [url=http://xpv.in/doxycycline/acne-doxycycline]acne doxycycline[/url] health link hearing loss and cialis [url=http://xpv.in/dramamine/dramamine-patch]dramamine patch[/url]

Anonymous said...

online bingo cash http://lwv.in/keno/keno-winning-casino-game lottery in africa
[url=http://lwv.in/jackpot/jackpot-casino-appereanes]money for gambling[/url] is online gambling illegal in michigan [url=http://lwv.in/poker-online/outcasts-of-poker-flats-on-audio]outcasts of poker flats on audio[/url]
catch phrase bingo commercial http://lwv.in/jokers/jokers-wrath-patches
[url=http://lwv.in/online-casinos/type-of-casinos]gambling green bay[/url] pennylvania casino advertising [url=http://lwv.in/betting/premiership-betting-exchange]premiership betting exchange[/url]
blackjack modem http://lwv.in/online-casino/stardust-resort-and-casino computer gambling and the odds of winning [url=http://lwv.in/bingo/commerical-bingo]commerical bingo[/url]

Anonymous said...

lottery august 31 2007 http://lwv.in/joker/dragon-warrior-monsters-joker-faq professional organization for the casino gaming industry
[url=http://lwv.in/online-casinos/age-restriction-las-vegas-casinos]lottery results for the 12th os september[/url] baccarat card online free [url=http://lwv.in/blackjack/blackjack-layout]blackjack layout[/url]
bush gag playing cards http://lwv.in/online-casinos/usa-friendly-casinos
[url=http://lwv.in/online-casinos/casinos-in-sc]charlotte gay bingo[/url] bingo royal [url=http://lwv.in/jokers/auburn-mall-jokers]auburn mall jokers[/url]
blackjack pizza fort collins http://lwv.in/poker-online/video-strip-poker-cheat-codes national lottery results [url=http://lwv.in/betting/spred-betting]spred betting[/url]

Anonymous said...

regal movie theatre in wellington fl [url=http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_the_business/]the business[/url] cartoon movie in australia http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_exit_speed/ movie review template for students
movie theater and show low az [url=http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_suzanne_s_diary_for_nicholas/]suzanne s diary for nicholas[/url] movie funding http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_back_to_the_future/ most memorable love movie quotes
convict singer from stir crazy movie [url=http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_motor_mania/]motor mania[/url] free adult full length movie share
the cheerleaders movie [url=http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_albert_fish_in_sin_he_found_salvation/]albert fish in sin he found salvation[/url] movie plot synopses http://moviestrawberry.com/easy-downloads/letter_K/?page=1 i max movie theater
the mission movie [url=http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_the_boynton_beach_bereavement_club/]the boynton beach bereavement club[/url] epic movie spoilers http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_snatch_/ movie sliding glass doors

Anonymous said...

im fallen for you movie [url=http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_world_cup_goals_galore/]world cup goals galore[/url] title music from gladiator movie http://moviestrawberry.com/JavaScript: anti politically incorrect movie reviews
h2 movie [url=http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_jaws_2/]jaws 2[/url] black and white iconic movie images http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_armed_and_dangerous/ where to get free bruce springsteen movie download
sally from cars movie [url=http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_applause_for_miss_e/]applause for miss e[/url] free nude teen movie thumbs
the way you look tonight movie [url=http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_101_dalmatians/]101 dalmatians[/url] free facial movie http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_autumn/ pirates of the caribbean at worlds end movie 61554
movie lucky devils [url=http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_know_thy_enemy/]know thy enemy[/url] movie that relates to history http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_casino_royale/ transformer movie to download

Anonymous said...

western movie posters [url=http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_the_snow_walker/]the snow walker[/url] stitch the movie aloha http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_gator/ college cheerleading movie again
special forces the movie larry the cable guy [url=http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_donalds_tire_trouble/]donalds tire trouble[/url] movie 30 days of night http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_pretty_woman/ movie realease
akshay kumar hero in movie familly [url=http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_the_genius_club/]the genius club[/url] my fair lady movie
shawshank redemption movie clips [url=http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_final_voyage/]final voyage[/url] tyra moore free movie downloads http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_fiddler_on_the_roof/ alphabetical movie lists
berkeley plaza movie theatre [url=http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_dead_buried/]dead buried[/url] lady sonia movie clips http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_3_acts_of_murder/ tomcats movie candice michelle clip